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works desconhort
 The multilingual nature of Llull's works
 Llull and the catalan language
 Diffusion and preservation
 Book of Contemplation
 Book of the Gentile and the Three Wise Men
 Book of the Order of Chivalry
 Doctrina pueril
 Book of Evast and Blaquerna
 Book of the Lover and the Beloved
 Ars demonstrativa
 Felix or the Book of Wonders
 Book of the Beasts
 Desconhort
 Tree of Sciece
 Exemplary Tree
 Cant de Ramon
 Rhetorica nova
 Logica nova
 Liber de fine
 Ars brevis
 Phantasticus
 Ars brevis praedicationis


The Desconhort (1295) is a poem of 69 mono-rhymed verses of 12 Alexandrine lines each, that should be recited to the tune of the Carolingian epic poem, Berart de Montdidier, now lost. The poem consists of a carefully elaborated debate, in verse form, between Ramon and a hermit, who is at first reticent and later enthusiastic, concerning Llull’s Artistic project; in form, it re-processes, for propaganda purposes, the literary techniques that Llull had renounced when he experienced his conversion and abandoned troubadour poetry.

The poem begins with a biographical account: Ramon is melancholic because he has devoted himself to the conversion of unbelievers (‘infidels’) and to the exaltation of the faith for thirty years without success. A hermit who is present invites Ramon to examine his conscience in order to see if his ‘General Art’ is, in fact, a good cause. The Art seems to Ramon to be free from sin because it is based upon love of God and upon a genuine charitable impulse towards one’s neighbour. The interlocutor’s reticence does not console Llull, but rather angers him: nothing can help him if he is unsuccessful. Finally, the hermit considers whether Ramon was speaking the truth, and finishes by recognising that the undertaking initiated by Llull was good and agreeable to God. For the first time, Ramon finds his suffering is alleviated, at the moment when the hermit shows himself to be prepared to collaborate with him, and he gives thanks to God.

Full text of the Desconhort.

enllaç UB Centre de Documentació Ramon Llull